利用Data URL(data:image/jpg;base64,)将小图片生成数据流形式

先看一段代码:

<img src="data:image/jpg;base64,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" />

那这些代码是如何生成的咧?

先看下这些代码“data:image/jpg;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhE……” 就是一张图片的Data URL,就是利用base64编码把图片数据翻译成标准ASCII字符。

等同于:

<img src="http://www.oschina.net/img/logo_s2.png"/>

显示结果:

Data URL是在本地直接绘制图片,不是从服务器加载,所以节省了HTTP连接,起到加速网页的作用。
语法:

data:image/jpg;    声明数据协议及类型名称
base64,               编码形式为base64
/9j/4AAQSkZ……    base64编码结果

最后附上Data URL的生成方法(PHP):

<?php
$img_file = file_get_contents("http://www.oschina.net/img/logo_s2.png");
echo base64_encode($img_file);

注意:本方法适合于小图片,大图片就不要考虑了,另外IE8以下浏览器不支持这种方法。用这种方法会加重客户端的CPU和内存负担,总之有利有弊。

最后修改时间为:2014 年 05 月 06 日 11 时 20 分 AM
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4 条评论

  1. 陈凌风

    我要区正常的路径显示怎么办?

    1. memory
      @陈凌风

      如果将图片 base64_encode 后,再想取回以前的路径不太容易,因为它的原因是将图片内容读出本地化,用base64 处理,而不是直接将远程图片路径base64

  2. aaa

    data:image/jpg; 声明数据协议及类型名称
    base64, 编码形式为base64
    /9j/4AAQSkZ…… base64编码结果
    最后附上Data URL的生成方法(PHP):

    1. memory
      @aaa

      $img_file = file_get_contents("http://www.oschina.net/img/logo_s2.png");
      echo base64_encode($img_file);
      说白了就这段有用!!!

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